Articles by Barry Waugh

The Printing Press and the Protestant Reformation

Article by   October 2017
In the years that passed from Gutenberg's era to Luther's, the printing industry expanded and improved. The press itself enjoyed improvements in its mechanism resulting in increased productivity. The German printing industry had grown from mom-and-pop businesses into multi-facility operations. It would continue to enjoy growth as more and more material was written and printed during the years of the Reformation. continue

J.A. Alexander 1809-1860

Article by   July 2014
Joseph Addison was born the third son of the minister of the Pine Street Presbyterian Church in Philadelphia, Archibald Alexander, D.D., on April 24, 1809. His mother, Janetta Waddel Alexander, was the daughter of James Waddel who served as a minister in Virginia and was sometimes called "the blind preacher of Virginia." Archibald Alexander continued his pastoral service in Philadelphia until he was called by the denomination to open the doors of the Presbyterian Seminary at Princeton in 1812. At the time of Archibald Alexander's death in 1851 his seven surviving children included one daughter, Janetta (named for her mother), James Waddel, Archibald, Samuel Davies, Henry Martyn, William Cowper, and Joseph Addison. Three of the sons were ministers, two were lawyers, and one was a physician. continue

The Quest for Rest in Augustine's Confessions

Article by   January 2014
Augustine's Confessions is one of the great classics of Christian historical theological literature. It is admired for its beauty of composition, its sophisticated literary construction, and its vivid and honest recollections of the life of its author. Some scholars would even say it began a new genre of literature. However, Augustine's purpose in Confessions was not to masterfully write a new type of literature. Instead, he wanted to expose himself spiritually to his readers so they would learn from his example and find rest in worshipping God through the grace of faith in Christ. As Augustine reflected upon his promiscuity, thievery, love of sin, patronizing of the theater, and worship of himself, his great desire is to turn restless sinners to the rest that can only be found in Christ. continue

The Importance of the Printing Press for the Protestant Reformation, Part Two

Article by   October 2013
When Martin Luther nailed his Ninety-Five Theses to the door of the Wittenberg Church on October 31, 1517, he was calling for a disputation concerning indulgences. His action was not one of defiant vandalism; the church door was the church bulletin board of the day. However, Luther's request for a disputation went unanswered because the Ninety-Five Theses caused such controversy that today they are credited with beginning the Reformation. Due to the controversial nature of his handwritten document, Luther printed them in Wittenberg in Latin. In 1518, the German translation was published and during the course of the next two years an additional twenty-two German editions were printed.(1) If it had not been for the efficiency of movable type printing for duplicating the document, his reforming work and influence on other reformers would have developed differently. continue

The Importance of the Printing Press for the Protestant Reformation, Part One

Article by   October 2013
Johann Gutenberg and the Technology This article is the first of two that will consider the importance of Johann Gutenberg's movable type printing technology for the Protestant Reformation and how the new technology was employed effectively by Martin Luther in Germany. Part one will deal with the technology, and part two will consider how it was used by Luther in Germany. continue

Harriet Beecher Stowe's Theological Transition

Article by   September 2013
When one hears the name Harriet Beecher Stowe, the inevitable association is made with her most well-known novel, Uncle Tom's Cabin. But, in addition to Uncle Tom's Cabin, she published several novels, personal recollections, shorter works, specifically religious writings, and stories for children, which were compiled and published in sixteen volumes as The Writings of Harriet Beecher Stowe (1896). Mrs. Stowe published four books known collectively as her New England novels: The Minister's Wooing (1859), The Pearl of Orr's Island (1862), Oldtown Folks (1869), and Poganuc People (1878). The novels were published over a nineteen-year period and provide a perspective through Stowe's characters of her own change in thinking regarding theology. Some of the recurring topics in the series include: Calvinism in general, Arminianism, regeneration and salvation, the Puritan Sabbath, original sin, and the Episcopal Church. The page references used in the following citations to Oldtown Folks refer to volumes 10 and 11 of Stowe's Writings. But before entering Stowe's New England painted with the brush of her memories in Oldtown Folks, some biographical information will be helpful. continue

Our Southern Zion: Old Columbia Seminary, 1828-1927

Article by   November 2012
David B. Calhoun, Our Southern Zion: Old Columbia Seminary, 1828-1927, Banner of Truth, 2012, 380 pages, cloth, illustrated, and index.The city of Columbia was created the capital of South Carolina by the state legislature in 1786.  It was intentionally located... continue

The "Royal Wedding"

Article by   May 2011
and the Historical Background of the CeremonyIntroductionA few weeks ago millions of people all over the world were watching the "Royal Wedding" of Prince William and Catherine Middleton.  People were glued to the tube for various reasons--some to see what... continue
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